Népszámlálás 2011

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Documents of DAHR 10th Congress
2011. 3. 14.

Decree Concerning the 2011 Census

The proper preparation of the 2011 census is of key importance for the DAHR. Our objective is to have as many Hungarians as possible assume their national identity and declare it during the census.

During the last two decades we have reached significant results in securing the rights of ethnic minorities, nevertheless much of the implemetation of these rights depends upon the percentage of the Hungarian population in various regions.

This year’s census will hopefully record a demographical situation with more favourable outcome for us: the number of children born within the Hungarian community has increased, it actually is above the national average while the emigration process of Hungarians from Romania has fallen under the national average. These two positive processes might make up for the losses due to assimilation and render the stabilizing of the percentage of Hungarians in Romania possible despite the decline in the overall number of the population.

In order to get a fairly realistic picture of the Hungarian community in Romania during the census, the DAHR is initiating an informing campaign intended to reach all Hungarians in Romania and make them understand the importance of assuming their Hungarian identity, along with explaining the technical details of the actual census.

We are convinced the census is a significant event for the entire society, consequently in our informing campaign we are counting on the partnership of NGOs and of the historical Transylvanian Churches.

Adopted in the 10th Congress of the DAHR.
February the 27th 2011, Oradea-Nagyvárad.

Position on the Basic Principles of the Romanian Reform of Economic Policies

The 10th Congress of the DAHR takes note with regret of the fact that the global economic crisis has affected our country more than it generally did other countries, while Romania has not made the most of her possibilities inherent in her accession to the EU. All these require a change of paradigm in economic policies.

Thre three basic elements of the Romanian economic policy are the need for an equilibrium, sustainable, dynamic increase and the increase of the number of available jobs. Under the sign of a change in paradigms, instead of restricting measures, equilibrium is to be achieved by a more dynamic economy and by improved employment. Equilibrium can only be secured based on the plus gained from increase while the opposite direction will breed poverty. Only sustainable, dynamic increase can safeguard for a sustainable social system based on the principle of social solidarity.

The 10th Congress of the DAHR commissions the ministers, senators and MPs of the DAHR to initiate and implement, in line with the Europe 2020 Strategy, on governmental and parliamentary level, immediate and radical measures intended to stop recession, to launch the Romanian economy on a trajectory of sustainable increase and to improve its competitiveness, in the spirit of the following:
- the gradual reducing of taxes on employment, beginning with the 1st of July 2011
- the radical simplification of fiscal processes and administration, the reduction of the number of taxes beginning with the 1st of January 2012
- the granting of state-supported, favorable loans for Romanian micro, small and middle enterprises beginning with the 1st of July 2011
- the simplification of Romanian and European project application procedures, for easier and quicker access to support funds
- the liquidation of market monopole situations, of cartel-like functioning and the repression of corruption and of tax-evasion.

Adopted in the 10th Congress of the DAHR
February the 27th 2011, Oradea-Nagyvárad.

The Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania Congress document recommendation on foreign affairs - The protection of ethnic communities as European policy!

Foreign affairs as means for protecting the interests of ethnic minorities. The values determining the Hungarian ethnic community in Romania are rooted in basic European values: the respect for human dignity, liberty, democracy, equality, for the state of law, for human and minority rights, the liberty of enterprise and the protection of cultural, religious and ethnic diversity. The Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania urges, both in Romania and globally, peace, security, stability, the welfare of citizens, economic development and the implementation of democratic value, the self-administration and autonomy of the Hungarian community in Romania on all levels, the survival of culture and of the mother-tongue, the sustainable existence of the community on its native land. An important tool for the reaching of the objectives of our Alliance is the successful foreign affairs activity, the presence and participation in European and international organizations, the spirit of initiative and the establishment of partnerships. The issue of basic and universal human rights cannot be regarded as the internal affair of one country or another, consequently the goal of the DAHR is to establish amiable relations with various human rights and minority rights organizations.

During the two decades of its existence, the Alliance has continuously and consistently represented the interests of the Hungarian community in Romania, employing the tools available in a democratic state of law. This experience of twenty years should be explored in the improvement of other ethnic communities around the world. The DAHR has considered the NATO and EU integration of Romania an important token for the strengthening of the Hungarian community and has always supported it. With the NATO and EU accession of Romania, the DAHR became a member in full rights and an actor of EU politics, a possibility to tailor the destiny and European success of the Hungarian community in Romania in European for a and institutions.

The place of the Romanian Hungarian community in the globalized world. The Hungarian community in Romania is also part and actor of the process of globalization, thus it is in its best interest to receive the challenges of the process well prepared, as closed communities are prone to isolation. During its history, the Hungarian community in Romania has chosen the way of initiative and of establishing constructive partnerships each time the community found itself in the way of the clashing interests of great powers, because that was the only way to survive. The communist regime triggered the instinct of introversion in our community during a period when state borders were not to be passed, when artificial boundaries limited the flow of culture and democracy. Nevertheless isolation is not a choice anymore. In the dialogue between cultures, in the joint action for common interests, in the actual realization of various objectives, the search for partnerships becomes an asset and breeds success.

Proactive membership in the EPP, presence in European institutions. Since 1993 we have been members of the alliance of European right-wing parties. The center-right formation with the largest representation in the European Parliament, the European Peoples Party stands closest to the system of values, European and world image of the DAHR. According to the stance of the EPP, indigenous ethnic minorities are important cultural, economic and social values of the EU, thus their protection, the preservation of their cultural and linguistic diversity is a basic interest for united Europe. The set of rights of ethnic minorities needs to be constantly widened and adapted to present day challenges. Constructive minority measures need to be encouraged, continuous dialogue with the representatives of indigenous ethnic minorities in the member states needs to be maintained with the involvement of the said communities in the decision making processes on national, regional and local levels.

The primordial goal of the Alliance is to be directly present, through its representatives, in the European Parliament and in other European institutions: the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the Committee of the Regions, the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR). In the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the representatives of the DAHR are members of the EPP group. The DAHR is active in the legal and minority committees of the UN and of the Council of Europe and takes part in the work of the Federal Union of European Nationalities (FUEN) and of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO).

The regulation of ethnic minorities on EU level is needed. The token for the survival and self-administration of the Hungarian community in Romania, one of the biggest ethnic minorities in Europe, is the existence of a European law on ethnic minorities that would settle the destiny of nation-building ethnic minorities in Europe securing the implementation of their individual and common rights, their self-administration and the possibility to decide in matters regarding their community, especially regarding the preservation of their identity: the domains of education, culture, tradition, media and local economy. Various forms of cultural and territorial autonomy can be implemented within the framework of civil law, through bodies directly elected by the community and through the competences secured by law for these elected bodies. The goal of the DAHR is to create, in partnership with the EPP and with other European allies, the possibility for the passing on European level of a law on minority rights. We consider the acceptance of various forms of autonomy and their political and legal foundation is possible based on the principles of self-governance and subsidiarity, officially adopted and recommended to the member states by the European Union.

Our work in the domain of minority rights is meant to secure the rights so far obtained and also to widen their range. Beside national legislation, European institutions are in a position to support this endeavor, consequently the European Union and the Council of Europe are also stages of our efforts for minority rights. In this spirit the DAHR requests compliance to Recommendation nr. 176/1993 of the Council of Europe, a text that secures the possibility to create legal frameworks for various forms of community autonomy. Strict compliance to the provisions of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, signed by Romania, is of key importance, especially in what pertains to intentions to artificially change the ethnic proportions of regions where minorities are the majority. According to the practice characteristic of several member states of the EU, the aim of the DAHR is to have Hungarian turned into a regional official language and to introduce actual multilingualism in Romania.

 A strong Europe strengthens Hungarian communities. The widening competence of the EU makes it possible for ethnic communities all over Europe to participate in the European decision-making process with equal chances. The Hungarian community in Romania needs to further the endeavors aiming at a common Europe based on local communities. The aim is to create a kind of Europe within which various communities would display their uniqueness while turning a unitary face towards the rest of the world.

The DAHR supports the cohesion and regional development policies of the EU, urging the creation of new development regions in Romania. The design of the new regions should take into consideration the economic development characteristics of the region in question and the special ethnical, historical and cultural traits of the population. Regions should be invested with competence delegated from central administration and they should have their own elected administrative bodies. While representing Transylvanian regional interests we consider the Romanians and other ethnic communities in Transylvania our strategic allies. The Szekler land needs to become a single development region as it has all the characteristics of a region of economic development, it fully complies to the EU provisions on that category. Due to its traditions, history, culture and ethnic composition, the Szekler land should appear in economic and infrastructural designs as a single entity as well.

Through several phases of development, the European Union has become a community of states with a number of practices of coordination. Simultaneously, the implementation of the principle of subsidiarity has triggered a process of decentralization which helps the regional organization of Hungarian communities, it has a positive influence upon the relations between majority and minorities, preparing the climate for the realization of various forms of autonomy. Widened self-governance and local decision-making is a basic value for the Hungarian community, consequently the DAHR is supporting European initiatives in this domain.

Survival on homeland and the benefits of the EU membership. The Hungarian community in Romania is interested in the continuation and steady financing of the EU cohesion policy meant to support the economic development of member states and the competitiveness of the European community. The DAHR supports free employment within the EU, the total mobility of labor force, merchandise, services and capital, the development of small and middle enterprises, as there are the backbone of economy in Transylvania; it urges a stable and reliable common European agricultural policy that would secure decent living standards for farmers and maintain the policies of support and compensation; it urges the heightened European coordination of tourism and the implication of community financial resources in the support of tourism in Hungarian regions and the Szekler land. The Alliance salutes the new Danube strategy in the Central and South-Eastern European region as regionalism and the cooperation of regions transcending state borders reinforce local communities.

Without further infrastructural investments, Transylvania will remain a disabled European region, thus we need to capture European funds and to help self-governments develop efficient application practices. The DAHR agrees with the international efforts for the management of global environmental challenges, for climate protection and energy saving, for the preservation of biological diversity, for the improvement of healthy living circumstances and of the quality of life.

An active foreign policy, purposeful foreign relations. Irrespective of their political bent, the DAHR has traditionally maintained good relations with foreign parties, nongovernmental and political organizations and workshops whose activity is democratic and respects the political principles of the DAHR.  The aim of these foreign relations is to promote the characteristic problems, goals and endeavors of the Hungarian community in Romania on an international level and to fid political and other support and allies for the realization of these goals. In its foreign relations the DAHR maintains its total independence and sustains its right to act according to its best options for the protection of the interests of the Hungarian community in Romania. In international forums the DAHR urges the elaboration of general and precise norms on minority rights and the widening of the existing legislation in the field. In harmony with its basic principles and with the program of the EPP, the DAHR can join various international democratic organizations and alliances.

The representation of Hungarian interests in the Romanian foreign policy. The DAHR, representing the Hungarian community in Romania, a state-constituting element, has traditionally had a key role in Romanian-Hungarian bilateral relations and it intends to maintain it for the future, securing successful bilateral political solutions and urging both states to adopt and support the issues related to the education, culture and mother tongue of the Hungarian community in Romania.

The DAHR intends to remain part of the regions populated by Hungarians and of the institutions and processes determining Romania’s destiny, especially of traditional state diplomacy and foreign policy.

Youth in diplomacy. It is the strategic interest of the DAHR to support the young in an institutional form and to support the education of those who are meant to compete for jobs announced in the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Romanian diplomatic bodies. The presence of young Hungarians in the Romanian diplomacy is of key importance, it is a special Romanian Hungarian perspective and a matter of public interest. In our view this is naturally a part of Romanian diplomacy.

One destiny for Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin. As the biggest organization protecting the interests of the Hungarian communities living in the Carpathian Basin, the DAHR take initiatives and participates in Hungarian national policies and in the common destiny of the Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin.

It is the strategic interest of the Alliance to have as many states of the region as possible become member states of the European Union. The DAHR will support endeavors in this direction in all possible forums and institutions and will also support the granting of various financial and technical means intended to accelerate accession and preparations for accession. The DAHR supports the integration perspectives of Croatia, Serbia and the states in the West Balkans, of the Ukraine and of the Republic Moldova. Their accession is the safeguard for survival for the ethnic communities in those countries. Strong Hungarian communities are increasingly important factors in European and international politics and this increases the chances for the implementation of the interests of the Hungarian community in Romania.

In what pertains to Hungary, the DAHR supports the elements concerning neighborhood and national policy of the Hungarian foreign affairs strategy. It agrees with the fact that the development of neighboring relations, the preservation of the identity of Hungarian communities, the implementation of their rights, their economic, social and cultural development and their integration beyond state borders are interrelated processes. It emphasizes the importance of the Hungarian Permanent Conference and of the Representatives of Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin, the importance of relations between the organizations of Hungarian communities in minority.

The Romanian Hungarian culture in Europe and the world. The traditions, cultural values, scientific results of the Hungarian community in Romania  are organic parts of the European cultural community, their preservation is of European interest. The DAHR supports all the initiatives, means and events through which our culture can be presented and represented in Europe and the world.

Proactive foreign affairs activity. The Alliance needs a consistent, efficient activity that would coordinate all the domains in foreign affairs and foreign policies.  Consequently to the invitation from the President of the alliance, a Commission for Foreign Affairs will be established within the DAHR with the task to manage and coordinate the foreign affairs activities of the Alliance. The Commission for Foreign Affairs of the DAHR will be headed by a person delegated by the Alliance.

Adopted in the 10th Congress of the DAHR.
Oradea-Nagyvárad, February the 27th, 2011.

Decision On Hungarian Diaspora Day

The Permanent Council of the Alliance has adopted a decision in its February the 24th 2011 meeting and recommends it to the 10th Congress of the DAHR to declare the 15th of November, the birthday of Gábor Bethlen, the Day of the Hungarian Diaspora in the name of communion.

The draft decision thus meets the invitation stated by the Hunedoara/Hunyad county and Szekler region organizations in the following:
Considering it important, we initiate the declaration of November the 15th, the birthday of prince Gábor Bethlen, Hungarian Diaspora Day. Let this day be the one of attention given to Hungarian communities in diasporas thrugh events, news, shows, conferences an community building programs. Following in the footsteps of Gábor Bethlen, Kocsárd Kún and other famous personalities we have the possibility to create, through our solidarity, a positive image of the future for the Hungarian community worldwide, to lend stronger faith to the Szeklers and reinforce the optimism of Hungarian communities in diasporas. Hungarian Diaspora Day could largely contribute to that. Join our initiative!

The invitation is signed by László Demeter county councilor, president of the Kocsárd Kún Association, Aranka Babos, president of the Hunedoara organization of the DAHR, Előd Nemes, responsible for programs for Hungarian communities in diasporas, the Council of County Covasna, Sándor Tamás, president of the Council of County Covasna, Árpád András Antal, mayor of Sfantu Gheorghe, Gyula Winkler, president of the Hunedoara County organization of the DAHR.

In the name of Communion, the 10th Congress of the DAHR declares the 15th of November, the birthday of Gábor Bethlen, the Day of Hungarian Communities in Diasporas, including Csángó Hungarian communities as well.

Adopted in the 10th Congress of the DAHR.
Oradea-Nagyvárad, February the 27th,  2011.

Democratic alliance of Hungarians in Romania - Congress draft document on economy
Successful Hungarian Transylvanian community within a powerful Europe

During the past two years, the European Union had to face deep economic and financial crisis  while lately most of the member states have experienced social crisis. The crisis had especially negative effects on our own country, the correction of which, the reestablishment of a growing economy is the most important challenge for the near future. This period also bears the possibility of renewal as based on the experience of the past few years, Romania had a spectacular economic development between 2004-2008, nevertheless the global economic crisis has emphasized the structural flaws and setbacks of this country. In the European Union, the adoption of new economic strategies is following crisis-management measures. Among these strategies, the most important are strategy Europe 2020, the new form of economic governance and the financial perspectives from 2013 onward.

The welfare of the individual is at the center of the European social model. The force behind the renewal of Europe is the European Peoples Party, determining, as the leading political force I Europe, the new strategies for the future. Despite the economic and financial crisis, the European Social Market Economy will obviously remain the economic model of reference for the member states. The western European market and social model coveted by Romanian citizens and our Hungarian community among them will significantly change for them, but on the whole it will presumably determine the economic and social future image of the continent for a long period. The DAHR will maintain its Christian democratic values, focusing on the welfare of the individual in its policy and in this spirit it reinforces its legacy for the European Social Market Economy. It is especially important to us to maintain European solidarity and the relations based on mutual help among member states as an outstanding European procedure as this is the only way to develop the East-Central European region so that it would actually fall into line with the European Union.

The aim of the new European policies is to strengthen the European Union and its success consequently it is in our best interest to have the Hungarian community in Romania benefit from European sectorial strategies while the DAHR, employing the means at its disposal, would fashion them to breed advantage for the Hungarian community and would render them more accessible. The future of the Hungarian community in Transylvania lies in the Europe of regions, a powerful Europe, where falling into line is of common interest.

Pursuing a competitive Transylvanian economy. The development of the EU in the next decade is determined by the strategy Europe 2020 and by its five directions with measurable results on the level of member states in the domains of employment, research and innovation, the protection of the climate and energy, education and the fight against poverty. The success of the structural change in Romania depends upon the application of priorities meant to reinforce the EU economy based on knowledge, innovation, sustainable increase, on the efficient and environment-friendly management of energy, on economic, social and territorial cohesion and on competitiveness.

For the strengthening and development of economy in Transylvania, the DAHR consistently supports small and middle enterprises, the backbone of European and Transylvanian economy, as these are increasing the number of available jobs and reduce the burden on administration. The DAHR has contributed to the elaboration of the measure package entitled Small Business Act and meant to regulate the European functioning of small and middle enterprises, encouraging the establishment of new enterprises, the competitiveness of European sme-s in the face of global challenges.

An important element of competitiveness and of social and economic development is the establishment of society based on knowledge. The perspective focusing on innovation influences the entire social and economic policy, thus the continuous development of new and creative knowledge is paramount. The accelerated flow of information, the searchable global databases or digital schoolbooks are restructuring the economic, political and social processes. The establishment of the informational society means for the Hungarian community in Romania openness and new possibilities for affirmation.

A stronger European economic governance. The DAHR salutes the European plans meant to reinforce economic governance and increase solidarity between the member states, widening the Euro-region. The new European Economic Governance should be based on financial means that would in the long term secure the preservation of the European monetary balance. In terms of economy the member states cannot be divided into old and new, central and peripheral, weaker and stronger states. The Euro should become the official currency of the entire union, it is only natural that the acceding states, Romania among them, are supposed to make huge efforts in this respect.

A stable and foreseeable agriculture with European support. The Joint Agricultural Policy is among the most important means for European solidarity. The social influences of the European agriculture, secure food industry and secure environment are quite complex, the  new economic, social, environmental, climatic and technological challenges faced by our society make the amendment of the JAP necessary while the joint agricultural policy might contribute to sustainable and open increase. Administrative burdens on farmers and superfluous bureaucracy should be reduced, thus the supervision of agricultural reforms is supposed to make the relevant legislation more transparent, to rationalize the accessibility of management mechanisma and to make agriculture more cost-efficient.

In harmony with the goals of the EPP, the DAHR urges the establishment of a viable, stable and planned process of farming, especially in what pertains to young farmers. The JAP should support the increase of competitiveness, both by creating attractive jobs and by making the process of farming more economical. Agriculture should secure a decent life for farmers. The continuously low market prices and sectorial incomes as well as the sustained instability of prices require the maintaining of the systems of agricultural support and compensation, so that the agricultural component of the EU budget would prevail in the post-2013 period as well. Beside the system of direct support, for Romania the reinforcement of rural development funds is of great importance. National, local and private financing completes the EU financing of projects within the rural development program. In the case of Romania the elaboration of legislation on private-public partnership and the simplification of the process is needed.

The re-structuring of regions safeguards the success of the policy of territorial cohesion. For the increased competitiveness of our region, the DAHR supports the reinforcement of the EU policy of cohesion meant to increase efficiency and competitiveness. Success is secured if the allotment of resources will focus on results and efficiency, taking into consideration solutions specific for each region and will be based on sound evaluation.

The policy on cohesion should remain a well-financed special policy with effects upon the entire Union and upon all of its regions, with the development of underdeveloped regions, in the spirit of the principle of solidarity. The less developed regions are facing major, closely interrelated problems that can only be successfully solved if the European Social Fund remains within the framework of the policy on cohesion.

The Europe 2020 strategy determines the restructuring of the cohesion policy and beside determining goals on EU level, a focus on national, regional and local levels is also needed. The best example for practical multi-level governance in the EU is the very policy on cohesion. In Romanian this requires structural changes. The DAHR consistently supports the real establishment of the Europe of regions but in order to realize this, in Romania the elaboration of a legal framework making the creation of new regions possible is needed.

Adopted in the 10th Congress of the DAHR.
Oradea-Nagyvárad, February the 27th, 2011.

Position on preferential naturalization

The DAHR welcomes the modified legislation on the possibility to apply for preferential Hungarian naturalization. Our Alliance has for a long time been urging the settlement of the legal status of Hungarians outside Hungary and the granting of Hungarian citizenship to these subjects as well. It is important that the principle of preferential naturalization is not a dividing force in Hungary anymore as all the parties have voted in favor of the new legislation in Parliament.

Following the creation of legal possibilities, the application for Hungarian citizenship is obviously the personal decision of everyone. The primal task of the DAHR is to fulfill all requirements regarding the need for information, as we did it and do it in other matters as well.

Beside the creation of the possibility for preferential naturalization, we consider it important for the Hungarian government to elaborate programs supporting survival on one’s native land, as it is our conviction that irrespective of their citizenship, the Hungarians in Romania imagine their future on their current location.
We consider that the possibility of preferential naturalization should contribute to that state of things.

Adopted in the 10th Congress of the DAHR.
Oradea-Nagyvárad, February the 27th, 2011.

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